Obesity is one of the most extensive, chronic diseases in need of new strategies for medical treatment and prevention. Obesity is defined as excess adipose tissue. The biology of food intake is very confusing, involving the taste, texture, temperature, and metabolic/autonomic information, which signal the brain to stop or cease eating. Recent scientific studies have identified several substances that act on the brain to signal a need for an increase in food intake. Likewise, several substances have been identified that signal the brain to lower food intake.
Obesity means having far too much body fat. It’s about much more than your clothing size or how you look. It can seriously affect your health. Your whole body feels it, from your joints to your heart blood pressure blood sugar, and other systems. The extra fat cells produce inflammation and various hormones, which boosts your odds of chronic medical conditions. If it seems like those odds are stacked against you, remember that it’s possible to beat them.
Risks Associated with Obesity
The most prevalent obesity-related diseases include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Heart disease
- Gallbladder disease
- Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
Causes of Obesity
There are a lot of factors contributing to obesity. Here are some on the list.
- Family genes
- Lifestyle Habits, eating and behavior traits
- Surroundings: research says that people are in greater risk for being obese or overweight if their friends are: other researches show that community environmental factors can contribute also.
- Medical Problems
- So little sleep
Consuming too much Calories
People in this era has been eating more food than what is needed compared to the previous generations. This used to be the case of developing countries but the trend has spread worldwide. Despite of the billions of cash spent on advertisements and campaigns against obesity, the people still continue to overeat. Most of the listed and known food consumption increase is consisted of carbohydrates (sugars). Increased consumptions of sweetened drinks has also contributed vastly. The fast food chain consumption has multiplied three times.
How can Obesity be treated?
A comprehensive and effective obesity management focuses on health gains but not weight loss thru lifestyle modification. It focuses on healthy changes to the individual’s dietary habits, increase in daily physical activities, structured exercise and behavioral changes (such as motivation techniques, and stress management.) Despite the widely increased availability of medications and surgical methods that assures to cure obesity, lifestyle modification is one great factor in obesity management.
Obesity is fast spreading across the world and obesity medications (considered as supporting strategies), can be an important ingredient for treating obesity effectively for some. Since the longer the person is overweight, the harder for them to lose weight. Obese individuals take the chance of having a positive reason to achieve the weight loss goal. For people with obesity, weight loss based solely on lifestyle change can be very difficult to achieve and super challenging to maintain. You can also refer to do something about obesity problem in Singapore to see how they conquer obesity.